what is Audio Amplifier?
An audio amplifier is an electronic device that increases the strength (amplitude) of audio signals that pass through it. An audio amplifier amplifies low-poweraudio signals to a level which is suitable for driving loudspeakers.
In this blog we have to make audio amplifier using LM386 and study how to remove noise in audio amplifier.Its very simple and cheap.
All this circuitary we have to make on a small mini breadboard.The circuit diagram or the connection of this setup is shown by using sketch.
This IC needs a minimum external connection ports.This IC also battery operated with wide supply voltage range 4 to 12V or 8 to 16V depending on the different manufactures series.
Next moving to the ciruitary,I am using the 9V battery but I recommend 12V power supply or a 12V nickel-cadmium battery for better performance.
Next I recommend 0.1uf(104) disc type capacitor which is connected in parallel with pin no 6 to pin no 2 connected ground through pin no 2. Pin no 6 is +Vcc.
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This disc type capacitor is connected parallel with the power supply for removing bebber and protecting IC from instant power supply.
Pin no 7 is bypass & it is connected a 10uf capacitor which is used for filtering,In this 10 to 100 uf capacitor works good.
HOW WORK AUDIO AMPLIFIER?
You have seen a lots of circuits on the internet but in our circuit some changes at the output of the amplifier.
The pin no 5 is the output pin their is a RC high pass filter.It passes (2MHz) high frequency to the ground,so it cannot interfare with the audio amplifier.
So this RC high pass filter circuit is replaced with the only 0.1uf (104) disc type capacitor.
I found that this is the best solution and it works for all the speaker & it also helps that the noise from power supply doesnt pass through audio amplifier and also at the output of the LM386 IC.
I use a 1000uf (25V) electrolytic capacitor or use higher than that for removing DC offset it means no dc voltage pass into the speaker which will damage so capacitor prevent it and provide wide base speaker.
if you are connected disc type capacitor at the output pin its prevent from unwanted oscillation.